Obsessive-compulsive disorder-an Overview
Hours and hours of hand washing, each stove plate five Times control, or on the way home, all the patches count stones – constraints have different faces. About two percent of the population suffer once in their lives obsessive compulsive disorder. FOCUS online presents the most common constraints.
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In the case of obsessive-compulsive disorder Sufferers feel an inner urge to do certain things or to think. They are aware of their constraints are mostly aware of and try to fight them. Her resistance fails, however, usually, you can not do otherwise than forced action.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder usually develop gradually and the Transition from “normal” behavior for the forced happens, is fluid. At the beginning of everyday behaviour is: Everyone knows the nagging uncertainty about whether you locked the car, or the stove has turned off really. The most disgusted with garbage and dirty items. In the case of a forced this fear of dirt or in front of it rises, however, to have the stove plate let into the Immeasurable, and determines every area of life. The Compulsion reduces the anxiety momentarily and reduces inner tension.
Often the Compulsion has also the function of a personal “superstition”. The Affected person takes them, he feels as if he could avert a threat. With the countless kinds and forms of constraints, in principle, one distinguishes between obsessive thoughts and compulsive acts.
- Information and help: German society of diseases e. V. Forced
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1. Cleaning and washing forced
Most cleaning agents are widely used and washing compulsions. People with a cleaning or washing a morbid fear of dirt, bacteria, and viruses, as well as in front of body fluids and body excretions forced. For this reason, they perform several times a day extensive washing rituals.
You clean the hands, the entire body, the apartment, or potentially dirty items, often for hours. The sequence of the cleaning process, you have part of the ritual strictly. Someone breaks the Diseased during his Ritual, it will have to start all over again. Otherwise, he has the feeling that the dirt is not removed.
People who suffer from this compulsion to try to potentially threatening situations – situations that could come up with something impure in touch to avoid from the outset. The Use of public toilets, contact with sick persons, dirt, or trash causes you to panic Fears.
Even if the Affected do not touch the “dirty” items, do you feel that you have been alone due to the physical proximity with a disease infected or contaminated. To avoid this, you withdraw more and more.
2. Control forced
The second largest group of forced control constraints are diseases. Persons with control necessary to review again and again the same things. Check repeatedly whether the house door, the stove is turned off and the Windows are securely closed. You can leave the house only after you have eliminated all possible sources of risk according to a fixed Schema. For those Affected, it is highly stressful to leave one’s own four walls. They have managed to gnaw doubts as to whether everything really is in order.
Behind the control forced the fear of damage caused by a carelessness of themselves or other people. The compulsion can occur in all situations of life. Some Sufferers make sure several times a day, whether all the important papers are still there. Other control after every ride, the wacky routes, to ensure that you have unnoticed to someone and this is now hurt on the road.
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3. Order forced
People with a compulsion, strict order, the standards impose. Make sure, for example, meticulously to the fact that the Laundry is in the closet exactly to each other, or all of the jars of jam stand in a line in the fridge.
dpa/Franziska Koark All the pins in a row and arranged according to the colours? People with a compulsion to strive for symmetry and precision.
You need to restore symmetry, balance, precision, and perfect order of all items. With the compliance with its laid down rules and principles, they often spend several hours a day. Even small deviations, such as a slightly protruding a jar of Jam, resolve internal tensions, and uneasy from his or anxiety.
4. Touching forced
In the case of a contact with the Affected person forced to feel the pressure, again and again, certain things, persons or body to touch the parts of either constantly or not to touch. Some, for example, must touch every street light in the short. Other touch any door handles. The contact forced can develop with time. While at the beginning of a short touch was enough, must go through the Affected later often elaborate Ritual, e.g., the objects, for example, in a certain order touch.
If Ill run the forced touches to make you feel safe. Do you think you can prevent bad events. The coercive acts here as a kind of “magic Ritual” or superstition. The compulsion to “do Not Touch” didn’t avert believes a similar Background: The Affected person, a bad event, when he touched a certain item.
5. Repeat and Zählzwang
Repeat everyday things are forced a certain number of times repeated, before the transition to another activity. So, for example, the bed needs to be a ceiling twelve Times, shaken. As long as it was not extracted twelve Times, feel Concerned and uncomfortable and tense.
The Affected fear that you or your fellow human beings something Bad could happen to you, you should not adhere to the repetition rule. Forced can also be on the verbal level: Then phrases, sentences or melodies are repeated constantly.
People with Zählzwang (Arithmomanie) last items and things you will encounter in everyday life. The books on the shelf, paving stones, bathroom tiles, cars, or people. The Counting helps you also, inner tension.
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